On this day in history, July 16

Today is Wednesday, July 16, the 197th day of 2014. There are 168 days left in the year.
In 1557, Anne of Cleves, fourth wife Of Britain's Henry VIII, died.
In 1661, The Bank Of Stockholm, Sweden, issued the first banknotes in Europe.
In 1790, a site along the Potomac River was designated the permanent seat of the United States government; the area became Washington, D.C.
In 1827, Joseph Spode, English potter whose bone china work bears his name, died.
In 1862, Flag Officer David G. Farragut became the first rear admiral in the United States Navy.
In 1867, reinforced concrete was patented in Paris by Joseph Monier.
In 1885, French scientist and physician Louis Pasteur successfully treated a nine-year-old boy for rabies.
In 1912, New York gambler Herman Rosenthal, set to testify before a grand jury about police corruption, was gunned down by members of the Lennox Avenue Gang.
In 1918, the last Tsar, Nicholas II, along with his family, doctor, servants and dog, were shot by Bolsheviks.
In 1935, the first parking meters appeared in Oklahoma City.
In 1945, the first atomic bomb, developed by Robert Oppenheimer, was detonated at Alamogordo Air Base, New Mexico.
In 1951, J.D. Salinger's controversial coming-of-age novel “Catcher in the Rye,” was first published.
In 1953, English poet and writer Hilaire Belloc died.
In 1964, as he accepted the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Barry Goldwater declared that "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice" and that "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue."
In 1969, Apollo 11 was launched, which later landed on the moon.
In 1972, Motown greats Smokey Robinson and the Miracles performed their last show together.
In 1979, Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq.
In 1980, former California Gov. Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Detroit.
In 1981, singer Harry Chapin was killed when his car was struck by a tractor-trailer on New York's Long Island Expressway.
In 1989, Austrian-Born conductor Herbert Von Karajan died.
In 1994, the first of 21 pieces of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 smashed into Jupiter, to the joy of astronomers awaiting the celestial fireworks.
In 1996, American astronaut and biochemist Shannon Lucid, on board the Russian space station Mir, had spent 115 days, nine hours and 44 minutes in space, more than any other American
In 1999, John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, died when their single-engine plane, piloted by Kennedy, plunged into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.
In 2004, Martha Stewart was sentenced to five months in prison and five months of home confinement by a federal judge in New York for lying about a stock sale.
In 2009, President Barack Obama paid homage to the NAACP during a convention in New York and advised members that their work remains unfinished.

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