Men are at a higher risk for development of prostate cancer after age 60 and risk continues as age increases.
Recent guidelines from the American Urologic Association support screening of men of average risk between ages 50 and 69 because this age group has been shown to benefit most from screening. However, men of increased risk due to family history or African American Race should begin screening in their 40's.
Screening is typically on a yearly basis, but there are recent studies that suggest that a 2 to 4 year screening rate may offer maximum benefit with decreased rates of over diagnosis and treatment.
Screening for prostate cancer is a lot simpler than many think. Initially men will undergo what is called a PSA blood test.
PSA is a protein produced by the prostate that is present in the blood. It does not diagnose prostate cancer, but helps predict the risk of prostate cancer in an individual.
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